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Article 14, 1/2017

CASE REPORT

Endovascular Treatment for Acute Mesenteric Ischaemia in a Young Woman with Polyarterial Disease
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Mihai C. Ober1, Călin Homorodean1,2, Dan A. Tătaru1,2, Antonia E. Macarie2,3, Camelia D. Ober4, Dan M. Olinic1,2

1) County Emergency Clinical Hospital;
2) Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy;
3) Municipal Clinical Hospital; 4) N. Stăncioiu Heart Institute, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15403/jgld.2014.1121.261.ish

ABSTRACT
Background: Acute mesenteric ischaemia is a condition with a grim prognosis on conservative treatment. Endovascular revascularisation is a promising approach for some of these patients.
Case report: We present the case of a 44-year-old woman with a history of severe arterial hypertension, left leg claudication, and overlooked symptoms of chronic mesenteric ischaemia for one year, who was admitted for severe abdominal pain for one week. Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) showed acute mesenteric ischaemia by occlusion of the coeliac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), without bowel perforation. In addition, CTA showed tight left renal stenosis and left external iliac stenosis. We performed angioplasty with a stent of the SMA, followed by revascularisation of the left renal artery. On control injection, the SMA appeared re-occluded, requiring a second stent implantation and a loading dose of dual antiplatelet therapy, with a good final result. Subsequently, the clinical course was uneventful, with no need of surgical exploration; a second procedure was planned, aiming at iliac revascularisation. At one month, the patient was asymptomatic, with normal Doppler flow in the SMA. Angiographic control during iliac revascularisation procedure showed a permeable SMA with a good filling of the coeliac trunk territory. Because of the suspicion of fibro-muscular dysplasia as aetiology, coronary angiography and cerebral CTA were performed, in order to exclude other potential lesions.
Conclusions: Endovascular revascularisation in AMI is a promising alternative to the surgical approach in patients presenting without bowel perforation. Nevertheless, its safety and many tactical details remain to be clarified. Existing networks for revascularisation in acute myocardial infarction may be useful for the implementation of this approach.
Key words: acute mesenteric ischaemia – endovascular treatment – interventional treatment – renal artery stenosis – fibro-muscular dysplasia.
Abbreviations: AMI: Acute Mesenteric Ischaemia; CTA: Computed Tomographic Angiography; ICU: Intensive Care Unit; SMA: Superior Mesenteric Artery; STEMI: ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.