Giant Solitary Gastric Peutz-Jeghers Polyp Mimicking a Malignant Gastric Tumor: the Largest Described in Literature
A solitary Peutz-Jeghers polyp is defined as a unique polyp occurring without associated mucocutaneous pigmentation or a family history of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Gastric solitary localization is a rare event, with only eight reported cases to date. We report herein the case of a 43-year old woman who presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding, severe anemia, weight loss and asthenia. Endoscopy revealed a giant polypoid tumor with signs of neoplastic invasion of the cardia, with pathological aspect suggesting a Peutz-Jeghers hamartomatous polyp. Computed tomography suggested a malignant gastric tumor and a total gastrectomy was performed. The pathological specimen showed a giant 150/70/50 mm polypoid tumor and immunochemistry established the final diagnostic of a Peutz-Jegers type polyp. This is the largest solitary Peutz-Jeghers gastric polyp reported until now, and the second one mimicking a gastric malignancy with lymph node metastasis.