Mass-related symptoms caused by hepatic cysts are effectively treated by aspiration sclerotherapy (AS). This minimal-invasive intervention is regarded as a safe procedure. Hence, occurrence of complications is low. Transient fever is commonly reported as a side effect. However, documentation on a post-procedural hepatic cyst infection as a complication of AS is limited. We present five cases in which a tentative diagnosis of postprocedural hepatic cyst infection was made. Patients typically presented with abdominal pain and fever, had to be admitted to our hospital, and were treated with long term antibiotics. Ultimately, the cyst infection successfully resolved with ciprofloxacin in all cases.


aspiration sclerotherapy, post-procedural hepatic cyst infection, complication