Background and Aims: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prevalent disorder with a complex and heterogeneous physiopathology, including a dysregulation of gut-brain axis. Treatment for IBS is targeted to the predominant symptom and requires a multidisciplinary approach. This review aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sacral nerve stimulation in non-constipated IBS patients

Methods: A literature search was carried out on MEDLINE, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Web of Science databases for all relevant articles. Quality of included papers was assessed using standardized guidelines

Results: Of 129 initial citations, 7 articles met our predefined inclusion criteria, including five randomized trials, a pilot study and a descriptive follow-up study. Five of 7 studies reported a positive effect of sacral nerve stimulation on symptoms and quality of life improvement in non-constipated IBS patients. No study reported serious adverse events.

Conclusions: Despite initial promising results of sacral nerve stimulation in non-constipated IBS patients, studies with larger sample sizes and longer follow-up are required.


irritable bowel syndrome, IBS, functional gastrointestinal diseases, sacral nerve stimulation, gastrointestinal motility, quality of life