Vonoprazan Therapy is as Effective for Functional Dyspepsia without Heartburn as Acotiamide Therapy
Background and Aims: Acid suppression improves dyspepsia symptoms but the efficacy of vonoprazan for functional dyspepsia remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of vonoprazan therapy for functional dyspepsia without heartburn.
Methods: Patients receiving vonoprazan 10 mg once daily or acotiamide 100 mg three times daily for more than one month were included and retrospectively reviewed. Functional dyspepsia was diagnosed based on the ROME IV criteria. Patients with heartburn were excluded. Eighty-five patients were divided into vonoprazan (n=48) and acotiamide (n=37) groups.
Results: There were no significant differences at baseline between the vonoprazan and acotiamide groups. The functional dyspepsia score significantly improved in both groups (p<0.001). The degree of score reduction (55% vs 59%, p=0.559) and the resolution rates (21% vs 30%, p=0.345) were similar. Epigastric pain and postprandial distress scores were significantly improved in both groups, and the degree of improvement of each score was similar. Constipation and diarrhea scores were significantly improved in both groups, and the degree of improvement similar.
Conclusion: These preliminary results suggest that vonoprazan is effective for the treatment of functional dyspepsia without heartburn in the short-term, with results similar to acotiamide therapy.